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Viviano Codazzi, Massacre of the Innocents
Type
Painting
Subject
Biblical - Historical - Mythologic
 
 
 
Date
1630s
Material and technique
oil on canvas
 
 
 
Measurements
145 x 126 cm
Compiler
Alessandro Zuccari
 
 
 
Description
The theme of the Massacre of the Innocents is merely an expedient, dear to Codazzi, that enables him to create a spectacular architectural composition. And, indeed, the figures in this episode from the Gospel do not crowd the scene but seem lost in it. The imposing building in the foreground, from which a balconied loggia projects, and the adjacent classical temple, its pronaos modelled on the Pantheon, rigorously follow the lines of perspective. In the background, the wall of a park and a rustic doorway reminiscent of an entrance to a seventeenth-century Roman villa form the wings of this set.
Viviano Codazzi’s painting reveals the influence of the Bamboccianti movement and the particular philosophy that Agostino Tassi introduced in the Papal capital. Unlike the classical landscapes depicted by the painters from Bologna and France working in Rome, Codazzi, from Bergamo, painted ruins of ancient buildings and sometimes created complex, imaginary architecture. The painting is not an isolated piece but a companion to Exedra with the Opening of a Tomb and was clearly executed during the artist’s mature years as it displays both a complete mastery of perspective and a skilful handling of light. Indeed, the role of light is crucial as it gives the magnificent architecture a dramatic feeling. The lively figures are probably the work of another painter, perhaps the Neapolitan artist Micco Spadaro.
Massacre of the Innocents
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